Symbols in Dairy Goat Breeding

18 September, 2015rodster385Comments (0)

1 AR -- Advanced Registry
AR is an abbreviation for Advanced Registry. The Advanced Registry
is a special section of records kept for those does who have met
minimum requirements for production of milk and/or butterfat for their
age while on test under official supervision, and bucks who have sired
daughters meeting such minimum requirements. These requirements are
based on lactations of 305 days or less and begin with a base of 1500
lbs of milk and/or 52.5 lbs of butterfat for does freshening at age 2
years or less. For every day the doe exceeds 2 years of age at the time
of kidding, up to the time she becomes 5 years of age, the requirement
is increased by 0.2 lb of milk and 0.007 lb of butterfat. At the age of
5 years or more, a doe must produce 1719 lbs of milk and/or 60 lbs of
butterfat in the 305 days or less.

2 For bucks the special AR record section is reserved for those who
have sired at least three daughters by three different dams who have
met their Advanced Registry requirements as listed above. They are
known as Advanced Registry herdsires. There is also a unique provision
whereby a buck may become an Advanced Registry herdsire if two of his
sons have qualified to be Advanced Registry herdsires or if he has
sired one son and two daughters who are Advanced Registry.

3 Usually the symbol AR has something following. It may be a number
such as AR17 which when found with a doe's name would indicate that, at
the time this registry certificate or pedigree was made out, her last
record would be found in Volume 17 of the ADGA Yearbook. When found
with a buck's name it would indicate that, at the time the registry
certificate or pedigree was made out, the record for the last daughter
or son to make Advanced Registry would be found in Volume 17 of the
ADGA Yearbook. (The ADGA Yearbook is the annually published volume of
production records and show awards for a given year.) Looking in the
Yearbook will show the actual age at freshening, number of days milked,
pounds of milk produced and pounds of butterfat actually produced. This
record may have listed a former Yearbook number, say AR16, where a
previous record was published. This keying to previous Yearbooks will
continue back to the first official record made by the doe or, in the
case of a buck, the first volume published after at least three of his
daughters or two of his sons or a combination of daughters and sons
made AR.

4 On some pedigrees the abbreviation AR may be followed with the
actual record, so the information is available at a glance. It might
look like this:

AR14270:6-2 282-2600-96 (3.7)

-- AR14270 is the Advanced Registry record number. Each qualifying
record will have a new number.

-- 6-2 means the doe was 6 years and 2 months old at the start of
this particular lactation record.

-- 282 indicates the total number of days milked in the lactation.
(Note that in this case less than the usual 305 days.) Years ago
records of 365 days or even longer were assigned their own record
number providing a qualifying 305 day record had been made in the first
305 days.

-- 2600 is the actual pounds of milk produced in this 282-day

-- 96 is the actual pounds of butterfat produced in this 282-day

-- 3.7 0s the average percentage of butterfat in the milk during
the lactation.

5 * -- Stars
The star designation (*) briefly means there are official records
that can be looked up either on the animal itself or its immediate
ancestors. A buck obtains one star by virtue of having:

1) a dam who has at least one official production test record that
meets minimum production requirements for both milk and butterfat for
her age when tested or is a star milker, and

2) has a sire who is an Advanced Registry herdsire, a star buck, a +
buck, or has a dam who has met minimum requirements for milk and
butterfat in at least one lactation. Stars in themselves are never a
sufficient indicator of an animal's worth but are extremely useful as
a quick guide to those animals with production records on themselves or
their ancestry that can be looked up.

6 There are several ways in which a doe is entitled to have a star
(*) suffix following her name. The most common one is to be an Advanced
Registry doe as outlined earlier. The second most common way is to
qualify as a star milker at a recognized official milking competition.

7 An Advanced Registry test requires a once-a-month visit year-round
by an official tester to weigh and sample the milk.

8 A milking competition utilizes a single day's production to estimate
an animal's producing ability.

9 Naturally, the Advanced Registry lactation record is one of more
value, but because the production requirements for a one-day star milker
test are so high, usually only quite deserving does can secure a star
in this way. The testing supervisor will check at one milking to be sure
the does are milked out dry and will then weigh and sample the milk at

10 +Plus Bucks
While a buck can get a star on the basis of his parentage, the plus
(+) prefix before his name is always earned by siring worthy offspring.
The usual way is to have sired at least three daughters by three
different dams who have qualified as Advanced Registry or Star Milkers.
He may also earn the +B prefix by having two sons who are Advanced
Registry Herdsires. A +B buck is always an Advanced Registry Herdsire.
If he qualifies by having both three qualifying daughters and two
qualifying sons he is entitled to the + +B prefix. A buck may have a
total of only one star (*) and two pluses (++) before his name which
looks like this: ++*B. There is no such thing as a 5-star buck!

11 If a buck has a prefix of ++*B it means he has at least three
daughters (from different dams) who are AR or Star Milkers, two sons
who are AR Herdsires, and parentage with qualifying production records.
Since both ancestry and progeny have been proven desirable for
production, such a buck can be considered a valuable asset in a
breeding program.

12 Lifetime Production Records
As official production testing has become more widespread and the
dairy goat industry grows up, the emphasis on lifetime production
becomes ever more important. Even as it is recognized that a complete
lactation record is of more importance than a single day test, it is
recognized that a summary of all lactation records in the life of a doe
is the most important. In making such a summary the actual production
records of every lactation in the life of the doe are added together
regardless of length and regardless of whether AR requirements are met
in every lactation. The result is summarized by stating the actual
number of days milked, the total pounds of milk and total pounds of
butterfat produced. Often the average percent of butterfat is stated
since the importance of having an adequate butterfat test is very
important. Here is an actual lifetime production of a real doe to give
an idea of what should be included: 3,480 days 18,006 lb milk - 664 lb
fat (3.7).

13 CH Permanent Champions
While classification scores are now of much more value than show
wins in determining outstanding type, in earlier days the use of show
wins was the best indication of demonstrated good type. A system was
devised whereby an animal winning Grand Champion at three or more
different shows with at least 10 animals of its breed shown by at
least two exhibitors could win with designation of permanent Champion

14 While there were and are many other rules involved such as having at
least two judges, two wins with at least eight milkers, allowance for
Reserve Grand Championship wins, and the like, the three wins are basic
necessities. Of course, at large shows with perhaps 100 head of the
breed in competition, the championship is usually worth more than at a
small show of 10 or 12 head. However, no satisfactory method of show
size recognition has been approved. At any rate, the three wins make
an animal a permanent champion and the prefix CH is placed before its
name. If a doe holds an Advanced Registry or Star designation her
prefix shall be GCH. If a buck is an Advanced Registry Herdsire his
prefix shall also be GCH.

15 Classification Symbols
Official classification scores are now appearing on registry
certificates, and, since all classified herds are allowed and
encouraged to use their scores on pedigrees and in advertising, it
seems worthwhile to present a brief summary of the most important

16 In classification each animal is compared with the ideal of that
breed, sex, and age and are given numerical scores in General
Appearance, Dairy Character, Body Capacity, and, in does, Mammary
System. The scores indicate the percentage of ideal the animal is.
Along with this, an overall score is given. This overall score is
computed on the basis of allowing 30
Dairy Character, 20
bucks 45 2.256835E+199eneral Appearance, 30Dairy Character, and 25Body

17 The following table shows the numerical score and abbreviations
used in each breakdown:

(E) Excellent 90 or more
(V) Very Good 80 to 89
(+) Good Plus 70 to 79
(G) Good 60 to 69
(F) Fair 50 to 59
(P) Poor Below 50

18 Also used is a series of numbers showing the relative excellence or
deficiencies in specific areas. The wise breeder will have available an
official code number chart for use in conjunction with official
classification codes to determine if the animal in question is indeed
useful in a type-improvement program. Of particular value in selecting
breeding stock is the Whole Herd Classification Score. This is an
average of the overall scores of every milking doe of a breed in a

19 All the symbols are guides to help to look for better production and
type conformation.

20 Purebred-American-Experimental-Grade
The term purebred as defined by the American Dairy Goat Association
(ADGA) means that the sire and dam of all animals to be registered must
be purebred of the same breed, except for LaMancha. All LaMancha dairy
goats with at least 3 generations of American LaMancha ancestry born
after January 1, 1980 will be entered into an open purebred LaMancha
herd book. Alpines, Oberhasli, Saanen and Toggenburg must also have
erect ears besides the proper color markings. LaMancha can only have
rudimentary ears: ''elf'' (short) or ''gopher'' (very short). LaMancha
bucks must have gopher ears. Nubians must have pendulous ears. Saanen
must be of white color or cream. Oberhasli must be of ''Chamoise''
color. Black Oberhasli does are registered with a ''b'' suffix to their
registration number. Toggenburg must have a shade of fawn or brown with
white facial stripes, outline of ears, white below knees and hocks,
and a triangle on each side of the tail base in the pinbone area. Black
Toggenburg does with above markings are registered with a ''b'' suffix.

21 Dairy goats registered with the American Goat Society (AGS) may be
reregist ++++MISSING DATA++++

22 A doe of unknown pedigree may be recorded as ''Grade'' with the
ADGA as a ''native on performance'' or ''native on appearance,''
depending upon certification by official DHIA or a nonrelated ADGA
member as to conforming with one of the six specific breed types or the
Experimental Registry. Recordation of grades is in 1/2, 3/4, and 7/8
levels as for American Registry.

23 Kids resulting from artificial insemination need an insemination
certificate to accompany application for registration or recordation. At
the time of service, the doe must have been positively identified by
tattoo and registration papers. Semen containers (ampule or straw) must
also carry complete sire identification. Color codes for dairy goats
semen are as follows:

Alpine -purple
LaMancha -yellow
Nubian -red
Oberhasli -orange
Saanen -blue
Toggenburg -green

24 Kids resulting from embryo transplants need to include the
appropriate transplant certificate with the application for