January Evaluate pasture and forage conditions.
Monitor body conditions of does; supplement if necessary.
Prepare for kidding.
February Sort pregnant from open does.
Begin feeding pregnant does.
Evaluate does and bucks; sell unsound or inferior animals.
Treat for internal and external parasites.
March Begin kidding; check teats for milk flow; identify kids.
Separate singles from twins; if possible, pen individual does with their kids; feed does to maintain milk production.
April Finish kidding.
Continue to supplement lactating does.
May Consider weaning small, stunted kids.
Discontinue supplement feeding to does.
Monitor internal parasites through fecal samples.
June Begin looking for replacement bucks with good conformation, structural correctness, muscling, and a high weight per day of age.
July Continue selecting replacement bucks.
August Treat for internal and external parasites.
Select replacement does and bucks.
Wean kids; supplement replacement does and bucks with a high-protein (21 percent), high-energy feed.
Evaluate does and bucks; sell unsound and inferior animals.
Criteria for culling:
Barren female--missed two seasons in a row.
Bad teats or udders--too big or too small (mastitis).
Bad mouths--smooth or broken mouth or over- or undershot jaw.
Structural defects--bad feet and legs or back.
Bad testicles--too small or infected (epididymitis).
Unthriftiness--due to old age or disease.
September Begin flushing does and bucks; flush with fresh green pasture or ½ of a pound feed/head/day for 2 to 3 weeks before and after buck turnout.
Treat for lice if necessary.
October Turn out bucks with does; breeding ratio 1 buck per 20 to 25 does, depending on pasture size and breeding conditions.
Continue to flush does for 2 to 3 weeks after buck turnout.
November Evaluate pasture and forage conditions.
Determine does' body conditions and plan winter supplemental feeding program.
Monitor internal parasites through fecal samples. If heavy, treat after first hard freeze.
December Remove bucks and feed to regain body condition.
Evaluate pasture and forage conditions.
Watch body conditions of does; supplement if necessary.
Check for lice and use a pourÐon lice treatment if needed.