Meat goats require shelter, a feeding area, access to water and feeding equipment. The shelter need not be elaborate, but should provide protection from drafts, particularly if kidding will occur during periods of inclement weather. Oftentimes, existing buildings can be adapted for goats. Three-sided shelters work well in many areas. Greenhouses, hoop houses, shade structures, and poly hutches may offer low-cost alternatives to traditional housing.
Oftentimes, the biggest capital expense in a meat goat enterprise is fencing. There are two types of fencing: exterior (or perimeter) and interior (or cross fencing). Perimeter fencing needs to accomplish two goals: keep goats in and keep predators out. Like sheep, goats can fall prey to dogs, bears or coyotes, and this should be a consideration when erecting fence. High-tensile fencing is considered to be the best type of fencing for all classes of livestock. Goats must be trained to respect electric fence. Woven wire fences are popular with many goat producers, but their cost is much higher. Board fences can be made suitable for goats, if strands of electric wire are placed between boards and the ground. Temporary electric fences are suitable for interior fences. They are inexpensive and easy-to-install and facilitate rotational grazing and parasite control.